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NEW METHODOLOGIES FOR THE REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT OF VOC EMISSIONS
The furniture in our homes is essentially made of wood panels. By panel we mean an element with a large surface and reduced thickness, which can be made of wood or wood fiber particles glued together by binders, pressed and ennobled. The production of chipboard panels not only allows extensive use of residues and forest waste, which would otherwise remain unused, but also the recovery of waste materials such as pallets, old panels and even furniture. Using recycled wood is the first step towards protecting the environment, but it is not enough, as we must also consider the environmental impact of the relative industrial process necessary for panel production. In fact, the production process is characterized by the emission of some carcinogenic substances (wood powders and formaldehyde), impacting at an environmental level and dangerous for workers' health.
With a view to reducing as much as possible emissions and their impact on the atmospheric matrix, the most effective interventions are undoubtedly primary ones, ie those aimed at reducing the use of the most dangerous and / or volatile substances and, where possible to introduce raw materials with less impact. Another area of intervention is plant engineering. Very often through a design of the plant more attentive to the problems related to the storage and handling of substances involved in production processes, the management of production phases and methods of collection of suction systems, significant reductions are achieved in the quantities of pollutants emitted in atmosphere. Downstream of all this, it may be necessary to use suitable abatement systems to pursue a logic that aims to avoid, as far as possible, induced secondary pollutants and excessive consumption of resources (chemical reagents, energy, etc.). ). The effort that a correct design must face with regard to the choice / sizing of the systems for collection and conveying outside the emissions is to seek the best between the priority requirement to ensure the healthiness of the work environment and the need to reduce at the minimum the energy consumption and the dimensions.
- Friuli Innovazione
- Università degli Studi di Udine
- Fantoni S.p.A.
- Bipan S.p.A.